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Ulaanbaatar, MN

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The 14th century was not only the beginning of a new page of Mongolian health science development but also the establishment of new schools, which combined some theories, such as the treatment methods of Mongol Dhom, Chinese medical methods in acupuncture, translated and made comments by Mongolian doctors, scientists and the base of medical...

The Origin of Moxibustion Treatment

The Origin of Moxibustion Treatment
During the 8th century C.E. the principal oriental medical book “Root Tantra” of “Four Medical Tantras” advocated to “heal khii (wind) using smear (to apply a medical ointment etc), massage and Mongolian (Khor) moxibustion in its chapter named “Treatment methods”. However, although the above mentioned phrase is considered to be the most accurate record,...

Medical Organizations

When Khubilai Khaan won the throne, he moved the Mongolian capital to Beijing and declared himself as heir to the throne of Mongolia. He also changed the name of Mongolia to the Yuan Dynasty. However his historical role is valued positively as well as negatively, he is proclaimed as the wise Khaan on account...


In the chapter ‘Spread of medical science in Tibet, in the book “Penetrate the Secret Covering of Medicine” (Medical History of Tibet) by Sangye Gyatso, 1686, surgical methods used among nomads are written about extensively. For instance, the book mentions “35 Methods for Piercing a Gagon (helmet)”. This record hasn’t been completely studied yet....

Traditions of Practical Measures of Nomadic Health

Social health elements were considered to be initially developed among the sedentary societies, yet the Mongolians created preventive health measures which suited their nomadic lifestyle and they have been converted to daily routines and traditions over the years. To keep drinking water clear, the Mongolians prohibited letting the animals graze around the beginning of any...
Ulaanbaatar, MN
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Mongolian Empire

“ALTANGEREL” Sutra (MAHAYANA), Chapter 24 on the “Healing of all Ailments”

The “Altangerel,” sutra has been passed down respected and regarded as a superior shrine to the Mongols, a translation of one of the Buddha’s teachings. About 1000 years ago the 21st, 29th, and 31st chapters of the “Altangerel,” sutra were translated into Chinese, Uigur, Tibetan and the Japanese languages in a brief and detailed...

Shatumusu and his “Experimented Prescription of Biligt Khulsan Tankhim

This is one of the biggest medicinal prescription creations of Yuan Dynasty. Chinese scholars appreciated Shatumusu, a Mongolian lord placed in Jang Chin Jung of Jangshi region during Yesuntumur Khaan’s (Taitin Khaan of Yuan Dynasty) period. Complete Writing of Four Foundations66 stated that Shatumusu or Shatimus is a Mongolian. During his assignment period in...

Restrictions for Pregnant Women.

On page 27 of the “Brief Practical Guide to Healthy Diet,” it was said that pregnant mothers must use “mind-food.” Of the entirely repent of reticence the main bodily strength will not be lost as slightly thinking flourishing candle in the front of chest as bright happiness, then to control their drinks will be...

Medical Art and Healling

Origin of the “Four Medical Tantras”

Some Mongolian and foreign scientists have made surveys on “Four Medical Tantras” and published their works about when it was written, who wrote it,...


Shamanism is the earliest religious practice in Mongolia. There has not been clear definition of shamanism whether it is religion. However, nowadays, it is...

The Origin of Moxibustion Treatment

During the 8th century C.E. the principal oriental medical book “Root Tantra” of “Four Medical Tantras” advocated to “heal khii (wind) using smear (to...

Obstetric Services in Ancient Mongolia

Ancient rock paintings, found in Mongolia give a glimpse into the life of the people, their struggles, their armaments and tools, in addition to...

Hunnu Empire