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Ulaanbaatar, MN

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Medicine During the KHITAN

Ambagiyan of the Yila tribe, a descendant from Eastern Xu, was the first to head the tribe, Khitan, in 901 BC and then heightened to khan by declaring the Khitan state in 917 BC. The Khitan land spread from the coast of Pacific ocean to the Altai Mountains and from the Great Wall of...

“Khor” Nomad and Legbajaltsan

Legbajaltsan wrote about “Khor,” Mongolian surgical methods such as the “35 Methods of Piercing Helmet,” in the chapter called “Medical knowledge developed in Tibetan,” of his work “Penetrate the Secret Covering of Medicine.” (page 176). Cultural and religious revivals took place twice in Tibet and are classified as early and late revivals. The early...


Many Mongolian aimags and nomadic tribes of Mongol origin were acquainted with the medicinal plants growing in their area and gained much experience in healing and treating diseases. In the XII and XIII centuries the Mongols were uniting and interrelationships between aimags expanded and knowledge of medicinal plants and herbs was exchanged. Tikin was one...

Treatment Knowledge of Hunnu

People who were interested in curing and were skillful had first run medical science of nomads. The first form of treatment method was magic treatment. Different kinds of magic treatment that have an origin in medical science appeared by natural ability to protect their own selves. Moreover some of them were forgotten but some...

Massage Treatment

Formassage, it was noted in the history of the 14th century that massage treatment-by silver sup was used for curing. Later it is considered one type of category of traditional treatment using ointments and massage for knots etc. Some of the treatment that is mentioned above is not included in these writings, but remains...
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Mongolian Empire

“ALTANGEREL” Sutra (MAHAYANA), Chapter 24 on the “Healing of all Ailments”

The “Altangerel,” sutra has been passed down respected and regarded as a superior shrine to the Mongols, a translation of one of the Buddha’s teachings. About 1000 years ago the 21st, 29th, and 31st chapters of the “Altangerel,” sutra were translated into Chinese, Uigur, Tibetan and the Japanese languages in a brief and detailed...

Shatumusu and his “Experimented Prescription of Biligt Khulsan Tankhim

This is one of the biggest medicinal prescription creations of Yuan Dynasty. Chinese scholars appreciated Shatumusu, a Mongolian lord placed in Jang Chin Jung of Jangshi region during Yesuntumur Khaan’s (Taitin Khaan of Yuan Dynasty) period. Complete Writing of Four Foundations66 stated that Shatumusu or Shatimus is a Mongolian. During his assignment period in...

Restrictions for Pregnant Women.

On page 27 of the “Brief Practical Guide to Healthy Diet,” it was said that pregnant mothers must use “mind-food.” Of the entirely repent of reticence the main bodily strength will not be lost as slightly thinking flourishing candle in the front of chest as bright happiness, then to control their drinks will be...

Medical Art and Healling

Origin of the “Four Medical Tantras”

Some Mongolian and foreign scientists have made surveys on “Four Medical Tantras” and published their works about when it was written, who wrote it,...


Shamanism is the earliest religious practice in Mongolia. There has not been clear definition of shamanism whether it is religion. However, nowadays, it is...

The Origin of Moxibustion Treatment

During the 8th century C.E. the principal oriental medical book “Root Tantra” of “Four Medical Tantras” advocated to “heal khii (wind) using smear (to...

Obstetric Services in Ancient Mongolia

Ancient rock paintings, found in Mongolia give a glimpse into the life of the people, their struggles, their armaments and tools, in addition to...

Hunnu Empire