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Many Mongolian aimags and nomadic tribes of Mongol origin were acquainted with the medicinal plants growing in their area and gained much experience in healing and treating diseases. In the XII and XIII centuries the Mongols were uniting and interrelationships between aimags expanded and knowledge of medicinal plants and herbs was exchanged. Tikin was one...

Medicine During the XIANBI Period

Historians around the world agree that the Xianbi people are of Mongol origin, evidenced by their ability to speak ancient Mongolian and genetic studies conducted in China. Genetic samples of Toba Xianbi tombs, found in Chilan Mountain of the Midwestern Tsakhar province in Inner Mongolia, were analyzed for different alleles (HYR) of the mitochondrial...

Shamanism and Mongol Dhom

Survey studies of Shamanism have been published abroad and domestically. Ts.Damdinsuren (1999), Doij Banzarav (1891), Ch.Dalai (1959), S.Purev, S. Dulam, (2001) and N.Dashzeveg (1998) have written interesting literature on shaman religion. Ancient people believed that shaman is the Representative of Heaven and imposed all bad and good things on them. There are some sayings that...

Hunnu Doctor or Hu Doctor

Ancient nomadic tribal people created their own medical practice which well suited their climatic conditions, natural circumstances and lifestyle, their habits, that kept them healthy and cured them once they were sick. As a result of their long time battle against various illnesses, Hunnu people created medicinal and correctional therapies that perfectly suited their...

Origin of the “Four Medical Tantras”

Some Mongolian and foreign scientists have made surveys on “Four Medical Tantras” and published their works about when it was written, who wrote it, and how it is transmitted to us. For example: Lkhundendash, Darmuu Maaranba Luvsanchoidog (1982, revised version), Vandan (1990), Sh.Bold (2005). We know that the main Tibetan medical creations of the...
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Mongolian Empire

“ALTANGEREL” Sutra (MAHAYANA), Chapter 24 on the “Healing of all Ailments”

The “Altangerel,” sutra has been passed down respected and regarded as a superior shrine to the Mongols, a translation of one of the Buddha’s teachings. About 1000 years ago the 21st, 29th, and 31st chapters of the “Altangerel,” sutra were translated into Chinese, Uigur, Tibetan and the Japanese languages in a brief and detailed...

Shatumusu and his “Experimented Prescription of Biligt Khulsan Tankhim

This is one of the biggest medicinal prescription creations of Yuan Dynasty. Chinese scholars appreciated Shatumusu, a Mongolian lord placed in Jang Chin Jung of Jangshi region during Yesuntumur Khaan’s (Taitin Khaan of Yuan Dynasty) period. Complete Writing of Four Foundations66 stated that Shatumusu or Shatimus is a Mongolian. During his assignment period in...

Restrictions for Pregnant Women.

On page 27 of the “Brief Practical Guide to Healthy Diet,” it was said that pregnant mothers must use “mind-food.” Of the entirely repent of reticence the main bodily strength will not be lost as slightly thinking flourishing candle in the front of chest as bright happiness, then to control their drinks will be...

Medical Art and Healling

Origin of the “Four Medical Tantras”

Some Mongolian and foreign scientists have made surveys on “Four Medical Tantras” and published their works about when it was written, who wrote it,...


Shamanism is the earliest religious practice in Mongolia. There has not been clear definition of shamanism whether it is religion. However, nowadays, it is...

The Origin of Moxibustion Treatment

During the 8th century C.E. the principal oriental medical book “Root Tantra” of “Four Medical Tantras” advocated to “heal khii (wind) using smear (to...

Obstetric Services in Ancient Mongolia

Ancient rock paintings, found in Mongolia give a glimpse into the life of the people, their struggles, their armaments and tools, in addition to...

Hunnu Empire