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Ulaanbaatar, MN

Medical Development of Hunnu Empire

Shamanism and Mongol Dhom

Survey studies of Shamanism have been published abroad and domestically. Ts.Damdinsuren (1999), Doij Banzarav (1891), Ch.Dalai (1959), S.Purev, S. Dulam, (2001) and N.Dashzeveg (1998) have written interesting literature on shaman religion. Ancient people believed that shaman is the Representative of Heaven and imposed all bad and good things on them. There are some sayings that...


The 14th century was not only the beginning of a new page of Mongolian health science development but also the establishment of new schools, which combined some theories, such as the treatment methods of Mongol Dhom, Chinese medical methods in acupuncture, translated and made comments by Mongolian doctors, scientists and the base of medical...

Medicine During the KHITAN

Ambagiyan of the Yila tribe, a descendant from Eastern Xu, was the first to head the tribe, Khitan, in 901 BC and then heightened to khan by declaring the Khitan state in 917 BC. The Khitan land spread from the coast of Pacific ocean to the Altai Mountains and from the Great Wall of...

“Khor” Nomad and Legbajaltsan

Legbajaltsan wrote about “Khor,” Mongolian surgical methods such as the “35 Methods of Piercing Helmet,” in the chapter called “Medical knowledge developed in Tibetan,” of his work “Penetrate the Secret Covering of Medicine.” (page 176). Cultural and religious revivals took place twice in Tibet and are classified as early and late revivals. The early...

A Son of Persian Doctor who bore a Name of “Mongolian Doctor”

Persian doctor Galeinoy used to live in Tibet during 7th century C.E. He had three sons and his youngest son was medical doctor too. In addition, Galeinoy’s youngest son had a name Mongolian doctor. I wonder why he had a name Mongolian doctor? Maybe it will be important to clarify a son of a...

Sogbu (Dalch) Nalashandirba

In the 8th century, Nalanshandirba was invited to the International Medical Conference in Tibet. Earlier we mentioned that 2 Chinese pilgrims, Syuan Tzan (629-645 C.E.) and Tsin (675-695 C.E.), reported Mongolian students among foreign scholars at the University of Nalanda. This verifies that the Mongolians studied Buddhism, particularly medicine, starting from at least Jujan’s...

Medical Manuscripts from the Times of Dunhuang

Mongolian means the “Lightened Tower”, also called “Sand City”. Dunhuang was an ancient town serving as a strategic locale along the Silk Road that crossed from India to Lhasa reaching Mongolia and southern regions of Siberia. Today, Dunhuang is a town in the northwestern part of the Gansu province measuring 31200 Km with a population...

Medicine During the NIRUN Period (330-550)

The main tribes during the Nirun period were the Dunhu, the Xianbi- originated tribes and the Hunnu-descendant Mongol tribes. Prior to the establishment of its state, the Nirun tribes mainly traveled to the Gobi desert during the winter and returned to north of Gobi for the summer, thus regarded as a nomadic tribe, moving...

Medicine During the XIANBI Period

Historians around the world agree that the Xianbi people are of Mongol origin, evidenced by their ability to speak ancient Mongolian and genetic studies conducted in China. Genetic samples of Toba Xianbi tombs, found in Chilan Mountain of the Midwestern Tsakhar province in Inner Mongolia, were analyzed for different alleles (HYR) of the mitochondrial...

Origin of Tibetan word Sogbu

In the modem Tibetan language “Sogbu,” means Mongolians. Outer and Inner Mongolia are distinguished by “chi,” and “nan,” or “chi sog.” and “nan sog”. This word could have been derived from “sogba” which means scapula (shoulder blade, dal in Mongolian language). Professor L.Terbish recommended investigating some researchers’ suggestions that the Mongolians are called Dalch...


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