“Four Medical Tantras” Spreading through out Mongolia
From the beginning of the 15th century to the late 16th, nomadic Mongolians had some sort of relationship with Buddhist centers, visited the temples and met some lamas and religious people.
The Mongolian Tumen Zasagt Khaan (1558-1582) invited Garma Lama, Head of the Red hats (unreformed Buddhists), of the Tibetan Garma temple and Eldun, leader to his palace, to Mongolia where they became teacher and student and spread unreformed Buddhism among six eastern Tumens. Tumedian Altan Khaan, Jinon of West and East (1507-1582), also invited over 20 Tibetan lamas to his country and started to organize some religious activities in 1573. Together they obtained some Tibetan sutras such as “Altangerel,” which was written in golden letters, and golden figures of Janraiseg and Honsim Bodisatva who have thousands of hands and thousands of faces.
In 1578 Altan khaan personally met with Sodnomjamts, Head of Tibetan Buddhists, and titled him as “Ochir dara Dalai Lama,” and officially proclaimed to spread Buddhism among Mongols.
In the same way Khalkh Avtai sain khaan (1554-1588) contacted the 3rd Dalai Lama Sodnomjamts in 1581 and personally met with the Dalai Lama Sodnomjamts in 1586, when he visited the Turned country for the second time and was converted.
The end of the XVI century and since Shireet Guush translated “Yumjaiveiren duisem,” into Mongolian, (Lunrig Dandar 1831-1920) religious places were spread all across Mongolia and some religious creations were researched and translated into Mongolian by our scientists and quite a few of them are about health sciences.
From the beginning of 17th century Mongolian doctors and scientist
translated into Mongolian and gave some explanation for hidden meanings, which had been compiled by the elder Yutok Yonten Gonpo, a wise Tibetan doctor (729-854), for the first time then edited and the younger Yutok Yonten Gonpo (1138-1213) made some comments based on “Four Medical Tantras,” (Ashtanga Hrdaya71) by Vagbhata, the famous doctor of Indian Ayurvedic Medicine (550-600 C.E.). Its commentary work “Vaidya-Astanga-hrdaya-vrttau Bhesaja- nama-paryaya” was done by Chandranandana72.
It had become necessary to the furnishing condition to establish a sect of “Four Medical Tantras.”