Treatment Knowledge
Treatment Knowledge

People who were interested in curing and were skillful had first run medical science of nomads. The first form of treatment method was magic treatment. Different kinds of magic treatment that have an origin in medical science appeared by natural ability to protect their own selves. Moreover some of them were forgotten but some were inherited from generation to generation. “Was there any doctor in Hunnu period?,” Sh.Bold 2005, 2006, B.Purevsuren 2005, “or shamans were the doctors?” This issue has not reached a final decision. According to I.P.Pavlov34 “The activity of the hospitals and doctors had the same age with the origin of people. Therefore it was not true that medical history began from when people created first letter”. Healers and surgeons had appeared before shamans and began to serve the people. Therefore, we are agreeing with the idea that it is unfair to consider medical history beginning from the period when people became educated. But shamanism had developed during a definite stage of human development and as time goes on it became the main master of this idol, shamans became a person who solved many problems of spirit, material, property and health. They had also used some method curing art, treatment and mental treatment. Khu is a word that names Northern nomadic nation of Hunnu and Dunhu, before the Khan State. Doctors of Khu and Hunnu doctors have the same meaning. Doctors of the Hunnu dug a hole, set a gentle fire inside it, made Chinese courier Su Wu lay down on it, pressed out blood and cured him when he was wounded around 100 BC. It can be considered that to let him lay down on hot ashes and use bleeding treatment, it was a method that was used by doctors of Hunnu every day. They made this treatment well and skillfully. So for now, 2000 years ago doctors of Hunnu became famous in the inner country and were mentioned as Khu doctors in the history of Han State. In “History of 3 states, writing of Wu Huan,” it was cited that Wei is eastern Khu. The Khaan of Hunnu destroyed this state in the beginning of the Han State. The remaining Wu Huan lived in the mountains so they were called by this name. It was noted that they recognized any disease and they warmed up grass, used hot stone compression and the ground, and then let them lie on it and bleed the part or organ of the patient and let them bleed. During the first time when people began to use stones making knives and scraper stone tools to cut, prick treatment was invented. In other words there was no difference between tools that were used in households and curing. As time goes on they became different from each other by their aim and purpose. Researchers Sh.Bold 2005,2006, Buyant 2005 wrote research works about bleeding treatment of Hunnu and some new facts were discovered. Using customs of tools of ancient northern nomads in medical ‘.:ence of the Hunnu period, they were inherited and developed and they used treatment tools based on real necessity to cure disease. In writing of ‘tates it is said that Xianbians cured disease by cutting with a knife and -.ceding the patient. Moreover it proved that bone puncture was widely used in northern areas of ancient China and the Mongolian steppe. Together with the improvement of professional treatment of the Northern nomads’ surgical tools they appeared in large numbers. One bronze needle was found from Deluun province of Inner Mongolia of China in 1978. Its shape and size was similar to one stone acupuncture needle that was found among the new Stone Age belongings of Teu Do Va of 7 Shiyan of Inner Mongolia in 1963. One point had thin half plate edges and other point was sharp and used for bleeding.

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